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Karti tal-Euro

PRODUZZJONI

Il-banek ċentrali nazzjonali taż-żona tal-euro u l-Bank Ċentrali Ewropew jiddeċiedu dwar il-kwantitajiet tal-produzzjoni annwali tal-karti tal-flus tal-euro skont il-ħtieġa biex jieħdu post il-karti tal-flus mgħarrqin u d-domanda għall-flus kontanti.


Teamwork

Il-produzzjoni tal-karti tal-flus tal-euro ssir bi sħab bejn il-banek ċentrali nazzjonali u l-Bank Ċentrali Ewropew (BĊE). Tibda bil-kalkoli tal-għadd ta' karti tal-flus meħtieġa kull sena. Jeħtieġ jiġu prodotti biżżejjed karti tal-flus biex jieħdu post il-karti tal-flus mgħarrqa, biex jilqgħu għaż-żidiet mistennija fid-domanda – bħaż-żidiet staġjonali – u biex ilaħħqu ma' żidiet mhux mistennija fid-domanda.

It-tbassir dwar id-domanda għall-karti tal-flus tal-euro għas-sena ta' wara jsir mill-banek ċentrali nazzjonali u mbagħad isir it-tbassir ċentrali mill-BĊE.

Stampar deċentralizzat

Biex il-karti tal-flus jiġu prodotti b'mod effiċjenti, l-istampar jinqasam bejn banek ċentrali nazzjonali differenti. Il-BĊE jalloka l-kwantitajiet tal-produzzjoni lil għadd ta' banek ċentrali nazzjonali, li mbagħad ifornu proporzjon speċifiku tat-total tal-produzzjoni annwali ta' denominazzjoni waħda jew ta' aktar minn waħda. Hekk, il-banek ċentrali tal-Belġju, tal-Ġermanja, tal-Italja u ta' Spanja pproduċew 1.5 biljun karta tal-€50 euro fl-2012.

Kwalità konsistenti u sigurtà

Madwar 16-il stamperija fl-Ewropa jipproduċu l-karti tal-flus fost sigurtà kbira. Il-karti tal-flus imbagħad jitqassmu lill-banek ċentrali nazzjonali differenti.

Dan l-arranġament flimkien ma' sistema komuni li tikkontrolla l-kwalità jiżguraw li l-karti tal-flus kollha tal-euro jkunu tal-istess standard. Matul il-proċess tal-produzzjoni, isiru mijiet ta' testijiet manwali u awtomatizzati biex jiggarantixxu li l-karti tal-flus tal-istamperiji kollha jkunu identiċi.

Tqassim mill-ġdid fejn meħtieġ

Il-karti tal-flus tal-euro x'aktarx li ma jibqgħux fl-istess pajjiż fejn ikunu ħarġu. Nies li jivvjaġġaw b'negozju jew għall-btajjel jeħduhom f'pajjiżi oħra taż-żona tal-euro u jonfquhom hemmhekk. Taħt is-superviżjoni tal-BĊE, il-banek ċentrali nazzjonali jerġgħu jqassmu l-karti tal-flus biex jiġu evitati skarsezzi jew eċċessi f'pajjiżi partikolari.


Bosta proċessi tal-istampar

Bħall-ewwel sensiela tal-karti tal-flus tal-euro, il-karti tal-flus tas-sensiela Europa se jiġu stampati fuq karta tal-fibra tal-qoton pur, li tagħtihom dik it-tqarqiċa speċjali u li hi aktar reżistenti mill-karta normali. Xi karattersitiċi ta' sigurtà, bħall-watermarks u l-fili inkorporati, jiffurmaw parti mill-karta nnifisha.
 
Jintużaw tipi differenti ta’ pjanċi u linka speċjali, kif ukoll diversi proċessi: stampar bl-offset u bl-intall, proċess għall-applikazzjoni tal-ologramma u stampar bis-silk screen għan-numri li jibdlu l-kulur.

Agħti daqqa t'għajn lejn il-produzzjoni tal-karta ta' €5 tas-sensiela Europa.


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