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Karti tal-Euro

Europa fil-mitoloġija

Il-wiċċ ta’ Europa, figura tal-mitoloġija Griega, ġie inkorporat f’xi karatteristiċi ta’ sigurtà tas-sensiela l-ġdida ta' karti tal-flus tal-euro. Għalhekk se tkun magħrufa bħala s-sensiela Europa. Tgħallem aktar dwar min kienet Europa fil-mitoloġija, għaliex intgħażel wiċċha u minn fejn tiġi din ix-xbieha.


L-istorja ta’ Europa

Fil-mitoloġija Griega, Europa, bint re tal-Feniċja, ġiet sedotta mill-alla Żeus fis-sura ta’ barri, li ħatafha u ħadha fuq il-gżira ta’ Kreta. L-istorja nebbħet lill-Griegi antiki biex jużaw Europa bħala terminu ġeografiku.

 

L-għażla tal-wiċċ

Tradizzjonalment l-uċuħ ilhom jintużaw fuq il-karti tal-flus fid-dinja kollha. Ir-riċerka wriet li n-nies m’għandhomx problemi biex jagħrfu l-uċuħ. Wiċċ Europa ntgħażel biex jidher fil-karti tal-flus il-ġodda tal-euro minħabba li għandu rabta ċara mal-kontinent tal-Ewropa u wkoll jagħti laqta umana lill-karti tal-flus. Din ix-xbieha partikolari ttieħdet minn vażun li jinsab fil-Louvre f’Pariġi.

 

Europa, il-wiċċ ġdid tal-euro

Skopri kif Europa saret il-wiċċ ġdid tal-euro u agħti daqqa t'għajn mill-qrib lejn il-vażun antik bix-xbieha tagħha li jinsab fil-Louvre.


 

Vażun għamla ta' qanpiena b'figuri ħomor

  • Pittur: Iliupersis

  • Apulja, madwar 360 QK

  • Azjenda: Taranto

  • Naħa A: Europa u Żeus, fis-sura ta' barri

  • Naħa B: Dijonisju, bakkanti u satiru

Għaliex waħda mill-figuri tal-vażun intgħażlet biex issir simbolu Ewropew? L-ewwel, minħabba l-ikonografija innovattiva li tittrasforma l-istorja ta' mħabba bejn Żeus u Europa.

Il-pittur ma ffukax, bħalma għamlu ħafna qablu, fuq il-ħtif ta' Europa minn Żeus fis-sura ta' barri iżda fuq ix-xena ta' seduzzjoni li ġiet qabel il-ħtif. Afrodite, l-alla tal-imħabba, u binha Eros iqiegħdu dan l-episodju fir-repertorju tal-mitoloġija galanti. Joħroġ ċar ukoll it-tħanxil ta' Europa, imżejna bil-ġojjelli u riflessa fl-ilma ta' għadira fil-qrib, kif ukoll il-ġest ta' qima tal-barri l-ġmiel tiegħu impitter b'lewn abjad brillanti, li dwaru jitkellem il-poeta. Din hija l-figura seduċenti ta' Europa.
 
Barra dan, l-istorja kumplessa tal-vażun tirrifletti perfettament l-iskambji li jiffurmaw is-sisien tal-bini tal-identità Ewropea. Il-vażun sar fit-tieni kwart tar-raba' seklu QK f'ambjent kulturali mħallat fiż-żona ta' Taranto, fin-nofsinhar tal-Italja, fejn il-Griegi kienu jgħixu flimkien man-nies tal-post. L-oriġini Griegi tiegħu jenfasizzaw l-importanza tal-antikità fil-formazzjoni ta' kultura komuni. Maħluq minn artiġjan Grieg fin-nofsinhar tal-Italja, il-vażun inxtara fil-bidu tas-seklu dsatax mil-Louvre, fejn bħalissa jinsab miżmum.


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